The National Defence College (NDC) was inaugurated on April 27, 1960 by Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, the first Prime Minister of Independent India. NDC is a pioneering institute of its type in Asia. In 1959 the President of India sanctioned "the setting up of National Defence College for providing instruction to senior service and Civil Service officers' in the wider aspects of higher direction and Strategy of Warfare". Today, NDC as multiservice institution, continues to provide future decision makers with the necessary skills and background for filling senior positions in National Security and associated fields.
In July 1958, the Ministry of Defence accepted the need for a broad-based training within the country, for senior decision-makers, on matters related to national security and strategy. They recognised that such training would be more useful if it encompassed not only defence matters but various diverse subjects related to national security. The Parliament Estimates Committee, established the feasibility of setting up an institution for imparting such training in India, on the pattern existing in other countries with advanced military capabilities.
On May 6, 1959, the Cabinet Defence Committee approved the proposal for establishing the National Defence College. On September 15, 1959, the Defence Minister issued formal orders , conveying the sanction of the President of India for setting up of a National Defence College (NDC) in India for preparing senior service and civil officers for assuming higher responsibilities in the planning and management of national security and strategy.